I2AM PARIS

Variable Harmonisation Heatmap

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Model Geographical Coverage
Model Type
Model Time Step (Years)
Category
Variable Definition
Unit
Timespan
Variable Definition Time span Source Units Comments Used in models
Socio-economics Population Total country population 2010-2100 EUROPOP, OECD and UN (short- & mid-term) SSP2 (long-term; KC & Lutz 2017) Million people, Growth rate Switch from short- & mid-term to long-term projections depending by country, ensuring smooth transitions between projected growth levels, and consistency between (working) population and GDP growth rates. ALADIN, FORECAST, EU-TIMES, LEAP, NEMESIS
Working Population Total population between 15 and 64 years old 2010-2100 Ageing Report (EC, 2017), OECD and UN (short- & mid-term) SSP2 (long-term; KC &Lutz 2017) Million people,Growth rate NEMESIS
GDP Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity valuation 2010-2100 Ageing Report (EC, 2017), OECD (Economic Outlook No. 103 and 106) (short- & mid-term), IMF (short-term), SSP2 (long-term Dellink et al, 2017) PPP (constant billion 2010 International $),PPP (constant billion 2010 €), 

Growth rate

ALADIN, FORECAST, EU-TIMES, LEAP, NEMESIS
Power generation costs Key technological attributes of renewable and non-renewable technologies Costs of investment, fixed and variable operation & maintenance (O&M), capacity factors, conversion efficiencies and technical lifetimes 2003 - 2048 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Future cost evolution based on Napp et al, (2019) Costs in US$2010/kW, Lifetime in years Technologies included are wind, solar, nuclear, geothermal, hydro, coal, gas, biomass EU-TIMES, LEAP, NEMESIS

Key technological attributes of renewable and non-renewable technologies Costs of investment, fixed and variable O&M, conversion efficiencies, self-consumption share, capacity factors, technical lifetimes and O&M costs growth 2020 - 2050 NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh,Lifetime in years No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation EU-TIMES, LEAP, NEMESIS

Transport costs Key technological attributes of cars, buses and trucks Costs of investment, fixed O&M, efficiencies and technical lifetimes 2006 - 2050 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Future cost evolution based on NREL Electrification Futures Study (2017) and Napp et al, (2019) Costs in M 2010 US$/Billion vehicle km, Efficiency in B vehicle km/PJ, Lifetime in years Attributes available by fuel technology (diesel, fuel, electric, hydrogen, hybrid, natural gas) and by efficiency categories ALADIN, EU-TIMES, LEAP
Key technological attributes of cars, trucks, trains and planes Costs of investment and efficiency ratio - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh,Efficiency in liters/100 vehicle km No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation Fuel technology disaggregation ALADIN, EU-TIMES, LEAP
Residential and commercial costs Key technological attributes of main household appliances, lighting, heating and cooling Costs of investment, fixed O&M, capacity factors and efficiencies. 2006 - 2048 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Costs in Million US$2010/PJ Attributes available by fuel technology (bio, coal, diesel, electric, kerosene, LPG, Natural gas, solar) and by efficiency categories FORECAST, EU-TIMES, LEAP
Key technological attributes of main household appliances, heating and cooling Costs of investment and efficiency ratios. - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation FORECAST, EU-TIMES, LEAP
Industry costs Key technological attributes of steel and cement industries Costs of investment, fixed and variable O&M, capacity factor, technical lifetime and input material requirements 2006-2030 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Costs in $2010USD/Mt, Lifetime in years, Input requirements in PJ/Mt and t/t Attributes available by process type FORECAST, EU-TIMES
Key technological attributes by type of process Costs of investment and efficiency ratios. - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation FORECAST, EU-TIMES
Fossil fuel prices Fossil fuel price paths Price projections in the main regions for oil, gas and coal 2010-2050 2019 World Energy Outlook by International Energy Agency

Oil: $2018USD per barrel/per GJ

Gas: $2018USD per Mbtu/per GJ

Coal: $2018USD per tonne GJ

Figures available at global level and for 4 regions: EU, USA, China and Japan ALADIN, FORECAST, EU-TIMES, LEAP, NEMESIS
Exchange rates Exchange rates Exchange rates between US$ and national currency 2000-2100 Economic Outlook No. 103 (July 2018) by OECD US$/National currency Long-term baseline projections + constant after 2060 except Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Malta and Romania from Eurostat NEMESIS, LEAP
Interest rates Interest rates Short- and long-term interest rates % NEMESIS,EU-TIMES
Household charac-teristics Household characteristics Building-related projections in the Residential and Commercial sector 2010-2060 EU-TIMES Residential: thousands of units by house type ((semi-)detached, flat) Commercial: Million square meters by sector European country coverage only. For periods between the milestone years, values are linearly interpolated EU-TIMES
Sectoral growth Production and value added Production and gross value added by sector 2005-2100 Eurostat and GDP projections of Paris Reinforce Chain linked volume (2010), million € European country coverage only. 90 sectors covered FORECAST, EU-TIMES, LEAP
Characteristics of harmonized parameters and use in WP 5 models
Variable Definition Time span Source Units Comments
Socioeconomics Population Total country population 2010-2100 EUROPOP, OECD and UN (short- & mid-term) Million people Switch from short- & mid-term to long-term projections by country, ensuring smooth transitions between projected growth levels, and consistency between (working) population and GDP growth rates.
SSP2 (long-term; KC & Lutz 2017) Growth rate
Working age Population Total population between 15 and 64 years old 2010-2100 Ageing Report (EC, 2017), OECD and UN (short- & mid-term) Million people
SSP2 (long-term; KC & Lutz 2017) Growth rate
GDP Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity valuation 2010-2100 Ageing Report (EC, 2017), OECD (Economic Outlook No. 103 and 106) (short- & mid-term), IMF (short-term), SSP2 (long-term Dellink et al, 2017) PPP (constant billion 2010 International $)
PPP (constant billion 2010 €)
Growth rate
Techno economics Key technological attributes of renewable and non-renewable technologies Costs of investment, fixed and variable operation & maintenance (O&M), capacity factors, conversion efficiencies and technical lifetimes 2003-2048 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Future cost evolution based on Napp et al, (2019) Costs in US$2010/kW Technologies included are wind, solar, nuclear, geothermal, hydro, coal, gas, biomass
Lifetime in years
Key technological attributes of renewable and non-renewable technologies Costs of investment, fixed and variable O&M, conversion efficiencies, self-consumption share, capacity factors, technical lifetimes and O&M costs growth 2020-2050 NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation
Lifetime in years
Key technological attributes of cars, buses and trucks Costs of investment, fixed O&M, efficiencies and technical lifetimes 2006-2050 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Future cost evolution based on NREL Electrification Futures Study (2017) and Napp et al, (2019) Costs in M 2010 US$/Billion vehicle km Attributes available by fuel technology (diesel, fuel, electric, hydrogen, hybrid, natural gas) and by efficiency categories
Efficiency in B vehicle km/PJ
Lifetime in years
Key technological attributes of cars, trucks, trains and planes Costs of investment and efficiency ratio - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017 Costs in EUR'13/MWh No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation Fuel technology disaggregation
Efficiency in liters/100 vehicle km
Key technological attributes of main household appliances, lighting, heating and cooling Costs of investment, fixed O&M, capacity factors and efficiencies. 2006-2048 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Costs in Million US$2010/PJ Attributes available by fuel technology (bio, coal, diesel, electric, kerosene, LPG, Natural gas, solar) and by efficiency categories
Key technological attributes of main household appliances, heating and cooling Costs of investment and efficiency ratios. - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation
Key technological attributes of steel and cement industries Costs of investment, fixed and variable O&M, capacity factor, technical lifetime and input material requirements 2006-2030 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Costs in $2010USD/Mt Attributes available by process type
Lifetime in years, Input requirements in PJ/Mt and t/t
Characteristics of harmonized parameters and use in WP 6 models
Variable Definition Time span Source Units Comments Used in models
Socio-economics Population Total country population 2010-2100 EUROPOP, OECD and UN (short- & mid-term) SSP2 (long-term; KC & Lutz 2017) Million people, Growth rate Switch from short- & mid-term to long-term projections depending by country, ensuring smooth transitions between projected growth levels, and consistency between (working) population and GDP growth rates. GCAM, TIAM, MUSE, GEMINI-E3, ICES, E3ME, 42
Working Population Total population between 15 and 64 years old 2010-2100 Ageing Report (EC, 2017), OECD and UN (short- & mid-term) SSP2 (long-term; KC &Lutz 2017) Million people,Growth rate MUSE, ICES, E3ME
GDP Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity valuation 2010-2100 Ageing Report (EC, 2017), OECD (Economic Outlook No. 103 and 106) (short- & mid-term), IMF (short-term), SSP2 (long-term Dellink et al, 2017) PPP (constant billion 2010 International $),PPP (constant billion 2010 €), 

Growth rate

GCAM, TIAM, MUSE, GEMINI-E3, ICES, E3ME, 42
Power generation costs Key technological attributes of renewable and non-renewable technologies Costs of investment, fixed and variable operation & maintenance (O&M), capacity factors, conversion efficiencies and technical lifetimes 2003 - 2048 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Future cost evolution based on Napp et al, (2019) Costs in US$2010/kW, Lifetime in years Technologies included are wind, solar, nuclear, geothermal, hydro, coal, gas, biomass GCAM, TIAM, MUSE, GEMINI-E3, E3ME

Key technological attributes of renewable and non-renewable technologies Costs of investment, fixed and variable O&M, conversion efficiencies, self-consumption share, capacity factors, technical lifetimes and O&M costs growth 2020 - 2050 NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh,Lifetime in years No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation TIAM

Transport costs Key technological attributes of cars, buses and trucks Costs of investment, fixed O&M, efficiencies and technical lifetimes 2006 - 2050 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Future cost evolution based on NREL Electrification Futures Study (2017) and Napp et al, (2019) Costs in M 2010 US$/Billion vehicle km, Efficiency in B vehicle km/PJ, Lifetime in years Attributes available by fuel technology (diesel, fuel, electric, hydrogen, hybrid, natural gas) and by efficiency categories GCAM, TIAM, MUSE, GEMINI-E3, E3ME
Key technological attributes of cars, trucks, trains and planes Costs of investment and efficiency ratio - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh,Efficiency in liters/100 vehicle km No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation Fuel technology disaggregation
Residential and commercial costs Key technological attributes of main household appliances, lighting, heating and cooling Costs of investment, fixed O&M, capacity factors and efficiencies. 2006 - 2048 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Costs in Million US$2010/PJ Attributes available by fuel technology (bio, coal, diesel, electric, kerosene, LPG, Natural gas, solar) and by efficiency categories TIAM, GCAM, MUSE, E3ME
Key technological attributes of main household appliances, heating and cooling Costs of investment and efficiency ratios. - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation
Industry costs Key technological attributes of steel and cement industries Costs of investment, fixed and variable O&M, capacity factor, technical lifetime and input material requirements 2006-2030 Extracted from TIAM-Grantham. Costs in $2010USD/Mt, Lifetime in years, Input requirements in PJ/Mt and t/t Attributes available by process type TIAM, GCAM, MUSE, E3ME
Key technological attributes by type of process Costs of investment and efficiency ratios. - NECPs (Mantzos et al, 2017) Costs in EUR'13/MWh No global coverage. Costs are estimated for Europe. No regional disaggregation
Fossil fuel prices Fossil fuel price paths Price projections in the main regions for oil, gas and coal 2010-2050 2019 World Energy Outlook by International Energy Agency

Oil: $2018USD per barrel/per GJ

Gas: $2018USD per Mbtu/per GJ

Coal: $2018USD per tonne GJ

Figures available at global level and for 4 regions: EU, USA, China and Japan GEMINI-E3, ICES, E3ME
Exchange rates Exchange rates Exchange rates between US$ and national currency 2000-2100 Economic Outlook No. 103 (July 2018) by OECD US$/National currency Long-term baseline projections + constant after 2060 except Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Malta and Romania from Eurostat E3ME
Interest rates Interest rates Short- and long-term interest rates % E3ME
Emissions Historical emissions CO2, CH4, BC, OC, CO, NH3, NOx, VOC, SO2 1970-2015 CMIP6 (Hoesly et al, 2018; van Marle et al, 2017) Mt 222 countries, 19 sectors All: GCAM, GEMINI-E3, ICES, E3ME, TIAM; Only CO2: 42, MUSE
N2O 1990-2017 PRIMAP (Gütschow et al, 2016) 216 countries (and aggregated regions), 14 sectors GEMINI-E3, ICES, GCAM
HFC, SF6, C2F6, CF4 1978-2016 NOAA: WMO Ozone Assessment 2018 Global totals, no regions or sectors, 1978-2016 GCAM
Characteristics of harmonised parameters and use in WP 7 models